New Health Trends Using Technology

New Health Trends Using Technology
Today, things in the society are moving at an extremely high speed, and
there are no sighs that things will slow down, in the near future. In
the current speedy changing world health trends has not been left
behind as they compete with other aspects of life in adopting the
newest technologies that emerge every day. The new trends of health have
claimed their share in technology chiefly in molecular biology and
electronics, which have brought fantastic revolutions, in the provision
of health care. Essentially, computers and computerization of most of
the health activities has facilitated the emergence of new trends in
health, with respect to technology. Technology aided health trends
include robotics-aided surgery, which have enhanced the processes and
operations on the surgery table to unimaginable heights. Further,
surgeons can now operate patients from any parts of the world using
robotics technology. Other new trends in health that have been made
possible by technology include remote patient monitoring, computerized
medical records, diagnostic imaging, Healthcare IT and personalized
medicine among others. This brief write up will explore these new trends
in health using technology, as well as examine the benefits that have
been realized through the emerging trends of health in the modern
society. The new trends in health using technology have enhanced to the
provision of health with operations that were only imaginable in the
past.
Background
Most people suppose that technology will improve the efficiency, cost,
quality and safety of health care. However, there are also a small group
of people who pessimistic concerning the benefits of technology and the
new trends of health services, which have emerged in the recent past.
This pessimistic group considers that new trends in health using
technology are moving at an alarming rate and that they are bound to
numerous errors, which could be disastrous to the people. To some
extent, this notion holds some truth, which cannot be ignored by
objective individuals. Nonetheless, technology holds substantial
promises to the current trends of health, as well as the future trends,
which will replace the current ones. It is imperative to note that the
benefits of technology may not trickle down to individuals.
Further, the benefits of the same may not be realized s a one off
activity as it is bound to take time before the effects are experienced
by all people (Spekowius & Wendler, 2006). Arguably, technology may fail
to yield the required benefits due to pitfalls and shortcoming of the
technology itself. For instance, technology in healthcare may be poorly
designed in that it does not adhere to ergonomic principles and human
factors. Secondly, technology can exhibit pitfalls due to poor
technology interface with the environment of patient. Other pitfalls in
health care technology are inadequate plan for maintenance, as well as
poor implementation plan for the same (Spekowius & Wendler, 2006).
Notably, the complexity of health trends and upcoming technology
continue to increase in complexity. In the past, doctors and nurses
relied, on their sense to determine the medical condition that could be
disturbing a patient.
A new trend in health provision emerged when the senses of nurses were
replaced by technologically developed machines, which had the capability
to detect alterations in the body of a patient. In a nut shell, new
health care trends using technology has brought undue advantage in the
provision of health services to the people as diseases can be diagnosed
early and treated before it reaches the critical conditions (Lazakidou &
Thomson Gale, 2006). New healthcare trends that utilize technology,
range from the unsophisticated tools as syringes and catheters to the
most complex medical equipments as electronic health records. Evidently,
these new trends have brought mighty success in healthcare provision.
Health refers to the level of metabolic efficiency or sound functioning
of living beings. Further, health describes the condition of the mind
and body of a person, which implies the absence of injury, illness or
pain (healthy). The World Health Organization devised a broad definition
of health of health. These definitions state that health is the state of
total social, mental and physical well-being, which is more inclusive of
more aspects of human life than the absence of disease. This definition
of health has endured the test if time and other factors, which create
controversies in the description of health (Tan & Sheps, 1998). There
are numerous elements and components of health that are measured by
other systems and structure of health, but such components are far
beyond the scope if this paper. The health care providers are
responsible for undertaking the systematic for curing and preventing
health problems as well as, promoting sound health in humans.
Research proves that the trends has not been without challenges, but the
benefits are much more than the challenges as the technology has
enabled unimaginable accomplishments, in health care services and
operations (Lazakidou & Thomson Gale, 2006). Further, studies have been
ongoing to determine the future areas of advancements and research,
where health care technology should focus to ensure that the health
provision continues to benefit and improve health assessment and
treatment of diseases. All the subtopics discussed below have ongoing
studies, which attempt to discover more and more uses of the
technological trends in the respective areas and fields of operations
(Tan & Sheps, 1998).
Having presented a clear introduction and description of health, the
paper will shifts it focus to examining the new trends that health care
has experienced over the previous decades. Healthcare changes occur
rapidly to the extent that it is not easy to keep pace with the changes,
which are encountered by the healthcare sector. Hospitals and other
healthcare infrastructure compete to remain consistent with modern
technology to guarantee that their patients obtain the highest quality
services, which exist in the system (Brown & Brown, 2011). Notably the
health institutions have always been, on the run to gasp the newest
technology, which emerges in the market thus giving the innovators
morale to continue inventing more and more technologies. The new trends
in health focus on the emerging technologies in the medical field, new
procedures in cardiology and oncology, development of new primary
devices, as well as advancements in radiology and neuroscience
(Lazakidou & Thomson Gale, 2006).
Health care Information Technology
Health care information describes the umbrella structure to depict the
inclusive management of health information across systems that are
computerized and its protected swap between providers, insures, quality
entities, as well as the government (Brown & Brown, 2011). Health
Information Technology is perceived by most people as the most
prospective tool for enhancing the efficiency, quality and safety of the
system of health delivery (Spekowius & Wendler, 2006). Health care
information technology has been utilized in varied ways in the health
system, which includes improvement of the quality of health care.
Furthermore, health care information technology facilitates elimination
of medical errors, as well reducing the cost of health care
(Costa-i-Font et al, 2009). Health care information technology gained a
lot of millage in increasing the administrative efficiency, which
improves productivity and facilitate the provision of prestigious health
care services to clients (Lazakidou & Thomson Gale, 2006). Information
technology in healthcare reduced paper work with a significant margin
and elevated individuals` access to health services, which are
affordable to the majority of people (Tan & Sheps, 1998).
Besides improving care for individual patients, information technology
in health care brought numerous benefits to public health sector. One of
the most significant benefits of information technology in health care
is early detection of the outbreak of diseases that are infectious, in
the nation (Brown & Brown, 2011). The early detection prevents the
diseases from spreading into the general population. Further, healthcare
information technology facilitated management of chronic diseases
through improved tracking. Most diseases develop to fatal levels due to
lack of proper and timely detection, which ensure that the ailment is
handled on time (Costa-i-Font et al, 2009).
It is imperative to not that health information technology is the
application of information processing, which involves both computer
software and hardware that handle storage, sharing and retrieval, as
well as employment of information of health care, knowledge for design
making and communication and data (Brown & Brown, 2011). Technology
describes the usage of knowledge of crafts and devices, as well as how
the usage of these tools and devices facilitates a species to adapt to
the environment, as well overcome the environmental challenges. However,
the description of technology can be extended to the objects and
materials that are useful to humankind as utensils, hardware or machines
(Spekowius & Wendler, 2006). Further, technology broadens its scope to
encompass techniques, methods of organization and systems. Health
information technology narrows down to communication and computer
attributes, which can be connected and networked to create systems for
moving information that appertains to health.
The significance of health information technology is extremely high
because of the utter benefits that his technology has on health
provision and operations (Lazakidou & Thomson Gale, 2006). This
significance was realized in the US, and President Bush signed an order
that detailed a the-year plan, which targeted to improve the health
information technology in hospitals. A hospital that has not yet adopted
the information technology and modern systems of communication is no
longer preferred, by patients for providing healthcare to human beings
(Brown & Brown, 2011). Therefore, health care information technology is
the summit achievement in the current century, and this achievement will
continue to influence the health provision services and medical
operations. Arguably, patient information, details and patient history
can now be accessed and retrieved with a lot of ease because of the
computers (Costa-i-Font et al, 2009).
Further, hospitals and medical infrastructure has substantially reduced
the burden of record keeping, as well as the office space and havoc of
paper work, in the hospital environment. Patients can now read about
diseases and medicines online using computers, and they can also search
the services, which are offered by a certain hospital, without the need
of appearing in person, in the hospital (Brown & Brown, 2011). This
aspect of technology has improved the relationship between patients and
healthcare personnel as patients are more informed about diseases,
medicines and drugs. Further, patients can now manage to access first
hand information concerning the health issues and ways of improving an
individual health through proper feeding, exercise and healthy social
relationships (Lazakidou & Thomson Gale, 2006).
There are several forms of technology that have developed in the health
care sector, whose benefit is evident in all perspectives and aspects.
The initial most vital technology is Electronic Health Records.
Electronic Health Records have solved numerous problems in the health
care system as it reduces numerous forms of errors as drugs
prescription errors, errors in procedures and tests and preventive care
(Brown & Brown, 2011). Computers are set to produce recurring alerts,
which remind doctors and nurses of the intervals and routines of giving
patients attention and care. Further, the electronic records facilitate
nurses and doctors to follow test results, as well as improve referral
services, whenever it is deemed necessary (Costa-i-Font et al, 2009).
The clinical guidelines that facilitate the management of diseases have
a central benefit during the patient treatment process, especially when
it is available in electronic form due to the ease of access and
retrieval (Lazakidou & Thomson Gale, 2006). Essentially, there has been
a remarkable advance of health informatics, which facilitates the
popular adoption of electronic health records, which are interoperable.
These records facilitate the access of medical information concerning a
medical facility or patients from any place through the hospital site
(Brown & Brown, 2011). Further, restricted information can be protected
through the efficient use of passwords and security codes. Arguably,
Electronic Health Records has revolutionalised the processes of
retaining and protecting hospital data from loss and damage as it
provides a way of keeping a back file of information in accessories as
floppy disks, flash disks and memory cards (Spekowius & Wendler, 2006).
Further, health care information has found utility clinical point of
care technology, which allow computerized provider order entry in the
medical facilities (Spekowius & Wendler, 2006). In the past, medical
personnel were making numerous errors, which could be prevented and
eliminated totally, in the provision of health services to the public.
Notably, prescription errors and giving patients wrong doses were the
most common mistakes in the health care provision system (Costa-i-Font
et al, 2009). Countless patients died due to errors in prescription and
others died from taking drugs that are allergic to their bodies. In
essence, prescription error could be wholly eliminated from the health
system through electronic prescription, and this technology stepped into
control the problem (Brown & Brown, 2011). Today, electronic prescribing
of drugs to patients has been fully adopted in the health system, and
errors are unheard of, in this area of health care provision. However,
the only possible source of error could emanate from the person
prescribing who might allocate wrong doses to patients.
Diagnostic Imaging
Diagnostic Imaging is also called medical imaging the technology that
doctors employ to examine the inner side of the body of patients,
without opening the up the body for clues and hints concerning the
medical or physical conditions of the patient (Brown & Brown, 2011). The
objective of viewing the internal organs and processes of the body by
doctors is achieved through a variety of techniques and machines, which
create pictures and images of activities and organs inside the body of a
patient. It is imperative to note that, the techniques and technology
that a doctor will employ on a patient will vary depending on the
symptoms that a patient has and the region or part of the body that
requires examination. There are several categories of diagnostic
imaging, which have developed over the previous decades. These
categories include nuclear medicine scan, ultra sound, CT scans, MRI
scans and X-rays.
Most of the machines that are utilized for imaging are executed easily,
without causing pain to the patient. However, there are other scans and
imaging procedures, which require the patient to remain motionless for
long hours inside the machine. The long stay in the scan and imaging
machines are never comfortable for patients, and they might develop mild
symptoms due to psychological set up (Brown & Brown, 2011). Further,
there are imaging procedures that involve employment of radiation
technology, which could be harmful to patients, but the doses that are
used in medical imaging is extremely low and, therefore, considered
potentially harmless to patients.
The procedures for most cases of medical cases of imaging tests involve
a minute camera that is attached to a tiny tube v. The camera acts as a
scope and the doctor moves the tube inside the body through the body
passages for close and critical examination. This camera captures images
of the internal body organs as the lungs, heart, liver or colon.
Notably, such procedures are not done while the patient is conscious,
but requires anesthesia to avoid pain or discomfort. Therefore, medical
imaging is the process, and technique employed to produce images of the
organs of the human body for clinical reasons (Brown & Brown, 2011).
The clinical purposes of imaging seek to divulge examine or diagnose
diseases. Medical imaging is differentiated from pathology as pathology
involves imaging of removed tissues and organs for dead bodies. Medical
imaging is done, without killing the patient or removing any organ form
the body v. In essence medical imaging is done on people who are alive
and accurately determine the symptoms and defects, which are inherent in
internal organs of human bodies. The new trends of medical imaging have
expanded to recording and measurement techniques, which are not
programmed or designed to generate images, but information inform of
maps.
These techniques include electroencephalography, electro-cardiology, and
magnetoencephalography among others. These techniques generate data,
which is susceptible to be a map and diagrammatic representation. Within
the clinical context, medical imaging of invisible light is equated to
clinical imaging. A radiologist is the medical practitioner who
responsible for acquiring and interpreting the images of clinical
imaging (Brown & Brown, 2011). Visible light imaging involves picture
and digital video, which can be viewed without specialized equipment.
Visible light imagery has found its best utility in both wound care and
dermatology.
Notably, diagnostic radiography designates the aspect of medical imaging
that are technical and most essentially the acquisition of medical
pictures. The radiographer obtains diagnostic quality medical images,
which can be employed to solve and control the inherent medical
conditions of the patient. These images provide doctors with vivid ideas
of the exact nature and extent of a disease (Brown & Brown, 2011). From
the point of information, and exact knowledge of the problem, doctors
can plan informed intervention, which handle an ailment, but not a group
of assumed ailments, which are deduced from the symptoms that are
displayed by the disease. Nuclear medicine presents the functional
assessment of the radiological evolution of human anatomy.
Medical imaging generates images of the internal body organs of human
bodies, without invading the body, or tempering with the normal
functioning of the body organs V. From this sense, medical imaging is
perceived as the solution for inverse problems of mathematics, which
means that he cause of any issue with the body tissues, and cells is
inferred from effect, which are the symptoms and signs that are
demonstrated by the body organs. For instance, the examination of waves
of ultrasonic pressure and echoes in the cells show the inner structure
of body organs thus giving doctors a vivid picture of the body cells`
functioning. Further, projection radiography involves a probe of X-ray
radiations that are absorbed by varied parts of the body at varied sped
and rate.
The trends of medical imaging have expanded to many areas of study and
practice, which have significantly improved health provision to the
public. Many ailments are now under control, and every aspect of this
technology strives to restore, prevent, cure and boost the health of
individuals who require medical help (Brown & Brown, 2011). Radiography
technology in medical imaging is further divided into fluoroscopy and
projection radiography. The former form of medical radiography is vital
in catheter guidance, in medical operations.
The two forms of radiography fall under the two dimensional tomography
and their utilization are extremely popular among the medical practices.
Furthermore, improvements trends have seen the development of 3D
tomography, which is more efficient and affordable than 2D tomography
(Costa-i-Font et al, 2009). Further, 3d tomography generates images that
have a high resolution and other application advantages of low doses
of radiation to the patient. In essence, low radiation translates to
improved safety and health of patients due to reduced exposure to
radioactive emissions.
Fluoroscopy generates real-time pictures of internal of the internal
body structures in a similar style as radiography, but utilizes a
regular input of X-rays at a dose that is lower than other radiographs
(Costa-i-Font et al, 2009). On the other hand, projection, radiographs
are the popularly known X-rays, which are utilized to establish the
extent of fractures in bones. Further, projection radiographs are
utilized in detecting changes in the lungs pathology (Brown & Brown,
2011). The same projection radiographs can be combined with contrast
media that are radio-opaque to visualize the structure of the intestines
and the stomach. This technology is essential in the diagnosis of ulcers
and colon cancer.
Further, the trends of technology in medical imaging extended to
magnetic resonance imaging. Magnetic resonance imaging utilizes an
instrument, magnetic resonance imaging instrument, which employ strong
magnets to excite and polarize the hydrogen nuclei in the human tissue
water molecules (Information Resources Management Association &
Khosrowpour, 2002). This process results to the generation of signals,
which are detectable and these signals are encoded to produce images of
the body organs. This technology is extremely significant in promoting
brain scans, which can be utilized and employed to detect brain tumors.
Early detection of brain tumors facilitates, timely operations and many
human lives have been saved by this technology. Furthermore, there have
been other trends and discoveries in line with imaging technology, which
include fiduciary markers, nuclear medicine, photoacoustic imaging,
breast thermography, tomography, ultrasound and echocardiography among
others.
Robotic Surgery
Robotic surgery is also referred to as computer-assisted surgery. This
is another new trend in health care technology, which involves the
development of technological techniques in robotics system that helps
doctors with surgical procedures (Dyro, 2004). Robotically-assisted
surgery was established to overcome the challenges of surgeries that are
minimally invasive. Robotically-assisted surgery enhances the capacities
of surgeons to perform surgeries that are open. Surgeons utilize
computer control or direct Tele-manipulation to control the operating
robot, instead of moving the robot form one point to the next
(Costa-i-Font et al, 2009). Tele-manipulator describes a remote
manipulator, which facilitates the surgeon to carry out the imitated
movements and activities, which are carried out in surgery as the arms
of the robot performs the surgery on the patient.
The robot employs manipulators and end-effectors to operate the patient
as the surgeon proceeds with the operation movements while he is far
from the patient (Dyro, 2004). In surgery systems that are controlled by
computers, the surgeon employs a computer to regulate the end effectors
and robotic arms to perform the surgery (Information Resources
Management Association & Khosrowpour, 2002). The most striking advantage
of using methods that are computerized in robotic-assisted surgery is
that the surgeon can perform the surgery while he is far from the
patient. This provision allows surgeons to utilize computer networks,
which facilitate the surgeries even in the remote areas of the world,
from a comfortable place in a hospital, in New York or other places
(Dyro, 2004).
Further. Robotics-assisted surgery has found crucial application in
open surgeries that are enhanced. In such surgeries, the traditional
tools made of steel are replaced with autonomous tools, which perform
specialized actions and operations (Demiris & Conference “E-Health,
2005). For instance, autonomous tools that replace steel are capable of
performing actions as rib spreading with motions that are feedback
controlled and smoother than the human hams. Open surgeries are related
to post-operation tissue trauma (Dyro, 2004). The effect of this tissue
trauma is significantly reduced by the employment of robotics-assisted
enhanced open surgery. However, in the event that the tissue traumas are
not wholly eliminated, the traumas are significantly reduced to the
extent that the patient might not even notice that the traumas occurred
(Demiris & Conference “E-Health, 2005). The approach strives to improve
and enhance open surgery, especially cardio-thoracic surgery, which have
not yet exploited the benefits of techniques that are minimally
invasive.
Robotics-assisted surgery is so far the most outstanding technological
development in surgery as the technology has introduced a substantial
turn of events on the surgical tables. Doctors can now do their jobs
while they are many miles away, as well as do it with substantial levels
of perfection than it was possible in past centuries. Today, surgeons
can save patients who would have died as they travel to go to where
doctors can attend to patients in person (Dyro, 2004). Robotics-assisted
surgery has saved many people the problems of traveling long distances
for operation. Surgeons can now perform emergency surgical operations
from any part of the world, as long as the local hospitals are installed
with surgical robots and have efficient communication and network
connection.
It is extremely fascinating to watch and hear that surgeons performed an
operation in Los angles from New York. Evidently, technology is looking
for the best there is, and every hospital and health facility is
striving cope with the rapidly changing trend in health care technology
(Demiris & Conference “E-Health, 2005). This competition keeps
innovators and scientist on their toes to invent more and more
advancements in technology. It is imperative to note that
robotics-assisted surgery has reduced the number of surgical nurses that
are required for a complete operation. Therefore, this technique saves
on labor and nurses get free time to attend to other needs of the
patients or clients (Information Resources Management Association &
Khosrowpour, 2002). However, many people consider these operations as so
mechanical and less involving in terms of human touch and efforts.
Therefore, the robotics-assisted surgeries distance doctors from their
patients and surgeons might even not know the name of the patient.
Personalized Medicine
The trend of technology in the development of personalized medicine lies
with the comprehensive comprehension of the human genome (Costa-i-Font
et al, 2009). Human genome describes the blueprints of the body of all
individuals. This includes the physical appearance of individuals, as
well as the genetic predispositions, which make individuals susceptible
to certain diseases (Demiris & Conference “E-Health, 2005). Further,
human genome encompasses the aspect of how well human bodies resist and
fight ailments and medical conditions, the categories of therapies that
are not relevant to individuals or the ways in which the body of
individuals metabolizes food. Human genome is inclusive of the entire
DNA of human beings, as well as their genes (Information Resources
Management Association & Khosrowpour, 2002).
DNA is composed of a strand that has four chemicals, which are arranged
in the length of the DNA strands. Organisms that appear identical have
the DNA chemicals are arranged in an almost similar manner. The
understanding of the nature and operations of genes brings the attention
of this paper to personalized medicine (Dyro, 2004). Personalized
medicine is a field that is stills green, but the technology behind
personalized medicine is growing rapidly, and in the near future, this
technology will catch up with other technologies. Therefore, the trend
that personalized medicine is following is extremely rapid, which gives
room for more and more technologies to come up (Demiris & Conference
“E-Health, 2005).
Personalized medicine derives its information from its information from
everyone’s distinct environmental, clinical, genetic and genomic
information. The underlying genetic composition of individuals is
entirely different from other individuals. These differences imply that
individuals respond differently to diseases. For instance, the onset,
symptoms, causes and response to drugs and medication vary with
different people (Information Resources Management Association &
Khosrowpour, 2002). Personalized medicine is concerned with tailoring
the treatment as distinct as individuals’ response to diseases.
Personalized medicine involves identification of the clinical, genomic
and genetic information, which facilitate doctors to make accurate
predictions concerning the susceptibility of an individual to develop a
medical condition, the probable cause of the ailment, and the inherent
response to drugs and treatment (Costa-i-Font et al, 2009).
Personalized medicine remains relevant when the findings of
individuals’ genomic predispositions are translated into targeted
therapies and diagnostic tests. This technology has found applicability
in the diagnostic tests in cancer patients, which are done to determine
the possible reaction and adverse effects that can result from several
cancer drugs. There was a study that was handling the sequencing of the
genome of human beings generated vital insights into the biological
nature of diseases (Demiris & Conference “E-Health, 2005). These
insights have fueled the pursuance of personalized medicine programs in
a number of prominent hospitals has launched the practice.
Patients and clinicians benefit numerously from personalized medicine
as the knowledge of individual genetic compositions and reaction to
drugs and treatment facilitate both patients and clinicians to arrive at
informed decisions concerning treatment (Dyro, 2004). Further, hospital
interventions produce results and outcomes that are highly targeted and
suitable for the disease. This achievement is made possible by the
ability to choose the most suitable intervention for the patients
(Costa-i-Font et al, 2009). Further, personalized medicine has
eliminated or reduced the likelihood of harmful side effects to the
patients (Information Resources Management Association & Khosrowpour,
2002). There is no room for making mistakes and errors as patients are
given the treatment that has been tailored to address to the health
requirements of these patients.
Furthermore, personalized medicine is more inclined to answering to
prediction and prevention of ailment rather than a reaction to the
diseases in terms of treatment. There has been an improvement in the
speed of response and intervention to disease, which facilitate
efficient treatment and control (Demiris & Conference “E-Health, 2005).
Lastly, personalized medicine has significantly diminished the costs for
healthcare services. It is imperative to note that personalized medicine
should not be confused with genetic medicine as the later is an old
field of study, which has been progressing for over five decades. The
personalized medicine technology gave way to development of remote
patient monitoring.
Social Media in Health Care
The advancement of technology has propelled the growth of online
communities and e-patients. Hospitals and health systems have moved
beyond initial experiments with social media and integrated social media
tools into their marketing and patient management efforts (Information
Resources Management Association & Khosrowpour, 2002). Social media are
increasingly changing the nature and speed of healthcare interaction
mainly between consumers and health organizations. Healthcare facilities
utilize the social media to communicate events, gain media attention,
and blog spots that carry daily comments from grateful patients.
However, going online is not necessarily about maintaining an active
dialogue between patients and the healthcare practitioners, social media
can avail value to physicians, as well as their practices in a way that
may have been inconceivable before (Information Resources Management
Association & Khosrowpour, 2002). Social media has been able to deliver
value in attaining healthcare objectives that are beyond basic
marketing. In healthcare, social media has grown to become a valuable
business intelligence tool by availing an outlet for dialogue (Demiris &
Conference “E-Health, 2005). Social media has been at the centre of
improving customer service by shaping physicians or hospital’s
response to negative comments and complaints made on social media.
Other benefits derived from social media include aiding in gathering
feedback on medications and facilitating comparison and improvement of
quality.
There has been a sharp growth in health care-related hash tags,
especially on Twitter (Costa-i-Font et al, 2009). This, in turn, has
generated online communities, that regularly schedule tweet-ups and
in-person meet-ups, the bulk of whom comprise of healthcare marketing
and others. Furthermore, many hospitals have launched blogs that mostly
discuss general content with some authored by physicians while others
are disease-oriented (Information Resources Management Association &
Khosrowpour, 2002). Hospitals are predominantly utilizing social media
to extend to online communities in an attempt to engage the communities
in the care process. In addition, healthcare facilities are commonly
utilizing the social media to conduct research.
Trend in Patient Safety
Patient safety is critical principle of healthcare and refers to the
avoidance of errors and adverse effects to patients linked to healthcare
(Dyro, 2004). Over the year years, healthcare has become more
effective, but at the same time more complex with an increased use of
new technologies, medicines, and treatments. Safety has become part of
the quality agenda demanding wide commitment from organizations and the
community (Demiris & Conference “E-Health, 2005). The significance of
patient safety is motivated by the observation that virtually every
point in the process of care giving incorporates some element of
inherent risks. Adverse events in healthcare may emanate from problems
in safety, procedures, products, or systems (Information Resources
Management Association & Khosrowpour, 2002). Patient safety has over the
years grown to become a pressing healthcare challenge. Studies on this
topic have indicated that more than 50,000 patients die in the U.S.
every year due to incidents of lapses in patient safety.
Some of the trends towards enhancing patient safety encompass
establishment of active networks incorporating both patients and
healthcare providers, sharing knowledge, and pro-active risk appraisal,
facilitating effective evidence-based care, monitoring improvements, and
empowering and educating patients, as well as the public involved in the
process of care (Costa-i-Font et al, 2009). The current trends in
patient safety encompass complex, all encompassing efforts incorporating
a broad range of actions in performance directed at systems
improvements, enhancing environmental safety and risk management
(Demiris & Conference “E-Health, 2005). The system-wide efforts pursuing
patient’s safety also incorporate infection control, safe utilization
of medicines, equipment safety, safe clinical practice, and safe
environment of care. Current trends in patient safety incorporate
institution of patient safety indicators that avail information on
probable hospital difficulties and unfavorable events after surgeries,
procedures, and childbirth (Dyro, 2004). The formulation of patient
safety indicators is a critical step in aiding hospitals: identify
probable adverse events that may need further study, besides availing
the opportunity to evaluate the incidence of adverse events using
administrative data that are accessible in typical discharge records
(Information Resources Management Association & Khosrowpour, 2002).
Remote Patient Monitoring
Remote Patient Monitoring is technological advancement, which enable
doctors and clinicians to monitor the progress of patients outside the
clinical settings that are conventional. In most cases, patients are
monitored while they are still at home by doctors using the technology
of remote patient monitoring (Dyro, 2004). Similar to robotics-assisted
suicide, doctors can monitor patients who are far from the hospital, and
they can also monitor more than one patient simultaneously. The
technology of remote patient monitoring facilitates the patients and
their family members to enjoy the warmth of social warmth, as well
benefit from constant monitoring from doctors. This monitoring of the
patients gives the family members a significant degree of guarantee and
comfort.
Further, through remote patient monitoring technology, doctors manage to
keep a close watch of the progress of the patient thus doctors can
easily detect any health deterioration, which avoids the need for
emergency hospitalization (Dyro, 2004). This technology has
substantially elevated the quality of life of patients with chronic
ailments as it brings health services to the homes of the patients,
which minimizes the need to travel or stay at the hospital. Further,
these monitoring services are vital for people who perform complex
procedures of self-care hemodialysis. Furthermore, this technology
facilitates patient education by doctors as doctors are freed from
attending to one patient at the time, but can handle more than one
patient (Demiris & Conference “E-Health, 2005). Notably, this technology
facilitates congestion management in the wards.
Infection Control
There is advanced measure that has been developed for the regulation and
control of infection. Notably, some diseases are highly infectious while
others are contagious and they can spread from one person to the next
and eventually the whole population might become infected. The most
significant infection control technology strives to control the transfer
of diseases from patients to doctors and other medical personnel and to
the rest of the patients. Hospitals have installed emergency vaccination
procedures, which have the capacity to respond to emergency outbreaks.
Further, there are protected areas where patients with infectious
diseases are kept to avoid cases of diseases spreading to other parts of
the hospital (Dyro, 2004). There are also effective sterilization
technologies, which ensure that surgical equipments and other surgical
tools are thoroughly sterilized. These procedures ensure that patients
are treated properly in the hospital, and they do not contract diseases
from a hospital (Demiris & Conference “E-Health, 2005).
Conclusion
In conclusion, the new trends of health have claimed their share in
technology chiefly in molecular biology and electronics, which have
brought fantastic revolutions, in the provision of health care. The new
trends in health using technology have enhanced to the provision of
health with operations that were only imaginable in the past. Most
people suppose that technology will improve the efficiency, cost,
quality and safety of health care. Technology holds substantial promises
to the current trends of health, as well as the future trends, which
will replace the current ones. A new trend in health provision emerged
when the senses of nurses were replaced by technologically developed
machines, which had the capability to detect alterations in the body of
a patient. Health care information describes the umbrella structure to
depict the inclusive management of health information across systems
that are computerized and its protected swap between providers, insures,
quality entities, as well as the government. One of the most significant
benefits of information technology in health care is early detection of
the outbreak of diseases that are infectious, in the nation. It is
imperative to not that health information technology is the application
of information processing, which involves both computer software and
hardware that handle storage, sharing and retrieval, as well as
employment of information of health care, knowledge for design making
and communication and data. Essentially, there has been a remarkable
advance of health informatics, which facilitates the popular adoption of
electronic health records, which are interoperable. Diagnostic Imaging
is also called medical imaging the technology that doctors employ to
examine the inner side of the body of patients, without opening the up
the body for clues and hints concerning the medical or physical
conditions of the patient. Most of the machines that are utilized for
imaging are executed easily, without causing pain to the patient.
The procedures for most cases of medical cases of imaging tests involve
a minute camera that is attached to a tiny tube. Diagnostic radiography
designates the aspect of medical imaging that are technical and most
essentially the acquisition of medical pictures. Fluoroscopy generates
real-time pictures of internal of the internal body structures in a
similar style as radiography, but utilizes a regular input of X-rays at
a dose that is lower than other radiographs. Robotic surgery is also
referred to as computer-assisted surgery. This is another new trend in
health care technology, which involves the development of technological
techniques in robotics system that helps doctors with surgical
procedures. The robot employs manipulators and end-effectors to operate
the patient as the surgeon proceeds with the operation movements while
he is far from the patient. Robotics-assisted surgery is so far the most
outstanding technological development in surgery as the technology has
introduced a substantial turn of events on the surgical tables. The
trend of technology in the development of personalized medicine lies
with the comprehensive comprehension of the human genome. Human genome
describes the blueprints of the body of all individuals. Organisms that
appear identical have the DNA chemicals are arranged in an almost
similar manner. Personalized medicine remains relevant when the findings
of individuals’ genomic predispositions are translated into targeted
therapies and diagnostic tests. The advancement of technology has
propelled the growth of online communities and e-patients. Hospitals and
health systems have moved beyond initial experiments with social media
and integrated social media tools into their marketing and patient
management efforts. There has been a sharp growth in health care-related
hash tags, especially on Twitter. This, in turn, has generated online
communities, that regularly schedule tweet-ups and in-person meet-ups,
the bulk of whom comprise of healthcare marketing and others. Patient
safety is critical principle of healthcare and refers to the avoidance
of errors and adverse effects to patients linked to healthcare. Safety
has become part of the quality agenda demanding wide commitment from
organizations and the community. Remote Patient Monitoring is
technological advancement, which enable doctors and clinicians to
monitor the progress of patients outside the clinical settings that are
conventional. The technology of remote patient monitoring facilitates
the patients and their family members to enjoy the warmth of social
warmth, as well benefit from constant monitoring from doctors. The most
significant infection control technology strives to control the transfer
of diseases from patients to doctors and other medical personnel and to
the rest of the patients. Further studies should seek to provide clear
data on the harmful effects of technology and new trend in health, which
utilize technology for advancement.
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