According to Huang (2002) leadership is defined as: “the influence that particular individuals (leaders) exert upon the goal achievement of others (subordinates) in an organizational context” (p.511). However one has to understand that leadership success to a larger extent mostly depends on the situation and the environment where it is applied
Leadership style during period of change
Organisations in the process of change need to strategically select the leadership style for the effectiveness of the desired change. This is important because according to situation leadership styles need to change. Considering the visionary or inspirational leadership style is more useful when the leader intends to move people towards a dream that is shared by all. However when there is an issues of the anticipations of people from the organisational goals the coaching leadership style is more applicable. In case of emergency one needs to apply the commanding leadership style that in most cases give clear directions. In case where there is a need to move in accordance to the readiness of people situational leadership style applies.
discuss the application of any 2 motivational theories within the workplace and compare their effictiveness on the organization
Enhancement of organizational performance by application of Maslow`s theory initially the organisation needs to recognise individual needs such that opportunities for satisfaction can be provided. Similarly whilst application of Alderfer`s theory organisation needs to make the employees realise the importance of aiming high. However one has to understand that in any workplace people motivation of people is influenced by two factors. Firstly the external environment that includes job perks, benefits supervision and pay is `extrinsic motivation` similarly by building relationship between the employee and the task is `intrinsic motivation`. However, these factors as argued by Jenkinson (2009) exist simultaneously.
choose any motivation theory and evaluate its usefulness for managers in managing their tasks
Alderfer`s 3-level motivational theory can be considered as a replacement of Maslow`s 5-level theory. When contrasted the 3-level theory of Alderfer is not only simple but also less rigid as such it can be considered as more useful for mangers in expediting their tasks more importantly because this model facilitates to address the individual behaviour.
Jenkins, L. (2009). Effective Leadership and Organizational Change. Available: http://lucia-jenkins.suite101.com/effective-leadership-through-organizational-chan-a150369. Last accessed 5th April 2012.
Huang, J. Q. (2002). Research on relationship between the compatible type and organizational performance of human resources management within the system: Full-width theory perspective. Sun Yat-sen Manage. Rev. 8 (3), 511-536.