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The authors of the two essays, Joe LaPointe and Barbara Munson are trying to prove that, the idea of stereotyping Indian and the Seminole minority is not justifiable. The authors have focused their attention in institutions of learning, with specific focus being on the sporting activities in these institutions. Both authors are concerned that, the depiction or the use of the Indian symbols, arts or any style in college athletics is a way to degrade the native Indian culture. Whereas some opponents of the authors` idea argue that this is a way of showing cultural diversity in the institutions, the arguments given by the authors prove otherwise.
The two authors have used different approaches in reaching their audience. When LaPointe uses descriptive or informative style in addressing his issue, Munson is persuasive in driving the point home. LaPointe utilizes the informative method in his essay. This is evident in the way he starts off his essay by introducing the background of his essay. He describes a piece of art representing the Seminole people. He describes every aspect of the art which gives the reader a clear picture of what idea is being portrayed by the piece of art. Throughout the essay, LaPointe is keen is explaining and describing events. This is descriptive essay which is aimed at informing the audience on a given issue, in this case, the stereotyping of the Seminole family through institutional sports culture and classes. He utilizes several quotes from speakers contributing to the topic, which is meant to enhance or emphasize this information.
On the contrary, Barbara Munson utilizes a different writing methodology. The author`s essay is persuasive right from the introduction. For instance she starts by the following “Indian” logos and nicknames create, support and maintain stereotypes of a race of people. When such cultural abuse is supported by one or many of society`s institutions, it constitutes institutional racism.” The author`s interest is to persuade her audience to understand her point. She is interested in letting the audience reason out with her in regard to stereotyping Indian people through logos and themes used in schools especially for sports. The author believes that, there is a great conspiracy when people pretend to be conscious about cultural diversity while utilizing idiotic or offensive logos or themes in their institutions.
To persuade the audience, Barbara is engaging her audience in her essay. The use of rhetoric questions have been used in the essay. For instance…”What if we drop derogatory comments and clip art and adopt pieces of REAL Indian culturally significant ceremony, like Pow-Wows and sacred songs?” This form of writing approach gets the audiences interest to the author`s idea. Consequently, Barbara is giving his audience a clear and simple explanation of why things are done the way they are done. She gives her audience a third eye to see what her point is all about. For instance, she says, “It is difficult, at best, to be heard in the present when someone is always suggesting that your real culture only exists in museums.” This is a very strong point that is made to even make the opponents of her idea to rethink their perception on the issue.
In conclusion the LaPointe and Barbara have utilised varying methodologies of writing but are driving the same point, to their audience. The two authors have however used criticism in their essays to persuade and inform their audience on the issue of using themes, logos or art in school athletic activities.
Barbara Munson, Indian Logo Themes: Why They Are Racist!
LaPointe, Joe “Bonding over a Mascot”